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A Russophone (or russophone; Russian:русскоговорящий, русскоязычный,russkogovoryashchy, russkoyazychny, alsoRussian-speaking) is literally a speaker of theRussian language either natively or by preference. At the same time the term is used in a more specialized meaning to describe the category of people whose cultural background is associated with Russian language regardless of ethnic and territorial distinctions.

The largest and most populous Russophone country is Russia, where the language originates from. There are sizable Russophone communities in many neighbouring countries that were parts of the former Soviet Union, including Belarus, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Estonia and Latvia. Additionally, there are large Russophone immigrant communities in Israel and various parts of the United States, Canada and Australia.

There are an estimated 280 million Russophones worldwide.

Russian population in post-Soviet states

Russophony in the post-Soviet states is a controversial phenomenon. Throughout Russia and the other republics of the USSR, the languages of many different ethnic groups were suppressed by Russification, as Russian attained its status as a de facto language that unified the Soviet state and was used exclusively in all official and interstate affairs. Native language classes were obligatory for all students regardless nationality in every Republic and Autonomy of the USSR. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union this situation was reversed in the countries of the "Near abroad" (ближнее зарубежье, blizhneye zarubezhye) — the term used in Russia for the post-Soviet states — and the use of Russian was discouraged, with the notable exceptions of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan where Russian remains today an official language. The breakaway republics of Abkhazia (Georgia), South Ossetia (Georgia), and Transnistria (Moldova) have also declared Russian as official in the territories under their control.



  1. Russian language
  2. Russian alphabet
  3. Russian orthography
  4. Russian phonology
  5. Russian grammar
  6. IPA for Russian
  7. Russian-Cyrillic alphabet
  8. Informal romanizations of Russian
  9. Languages of Russia
  10. List of countries where Russian is an official language
  11. List of English words of Russian origin
  12. List of languages of Russia
  13. Spelling rule
  14. Romanization of Russian
  15. Russian language-History of the Russian language
  16. List of Russian language television channels
  17. Reduplication in the Russian language
  18. Reforms of Russian orthography
  19. Rules of Russian Orthography and Punctuation
  20. Russian language-Runglish
  21. Russian exonyms
  22. Russian Morse code
  23. Russian sayings
  24. Russianism
  25. Russophone
  26. Slavic languages
  27. Test of Russian as a Foreign Language
  28. The differences of Moscovian and St.-Petersburg's speech
  29. Vowel reduction in Russian
  30. Russian proverbs
  31. Russian proverbs:USSR
  32. ALA-LC romanization for Russian
  33. Great Russian language
  34. Olympiada of Spoken Russian
  35. Russian cursive
  36. Russian jokes
  37. Russian National Corpus


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